Vancouver

Here’s Where Metro Vancouver’s 66,719 Unoccupied Homes Are [Interactive]

Census 2016 shows Metro Vancouver had a massive number of under utilized homes, so we thought we’d visualize it…for science.

Here’s Where Metro Vancouver’s 66,719 Unoccupied Homes Are [Interactive]

Vancouver real estate’s rapid rise has lead to a massive amount of speculation. Consequently every data point about the use of homes is under extra scrutiny. So when Statistics Canada released the first set of Census 2016 data, it’s no surprise urban planners scrambled to pull insights from it. The most interesting piece was in the Vancouver Sun, where urban planner Andy Yan of BC’s Simon Fraser University extracted the number of underused homes in Metro Vancouver. As interesting as it was, we thought someone might be able to extract a few more insights by visualizing this down to the smallest data point.

How Did You Get That Data?

Empty and underutilized homes have a different definition from pretty much every analyst. We got to our data by taking Statistics Canada’s Occupied by usual residents measure (i.e. someone’s primary home), then subtracting that number from the total number of private dwellings. It’s not a perfect science, but short of hiring someone to stand outside of every home for a year, we’re probably not going to get more accurate data. Looking at these numbers helps to determine if the trend is growing, shrinking or just plain ole’ stagnant. It also helps to pinpoint areas of the city that might need a second look.

If you’re not a government data nerd (or one of the government employees that emailed us to ask what all this means), these are private homes where a person or group of persons are not permanently residing. This also excludes people that were temporarily absent for the Census. Too dry? The TL;DR version is, they are homes that are not occupied or not someone’s primary residence.

Metro Vancouver

Unoccupied units across Metro Vancouver were rising at a very quick rate. 2016 saw a change of +14% over the previous 5 years. This works out to 66,719 homes – around 6.5% of all homes in the Metro area. To contrast this, the region experienced a population increase of 6.5%. Yes, Metro’s population is booming, but it’s doing so at a rate that’s slower than the growth of regularly unoccupied homes.

City of Vancouver

The City of Vancouver did have the largest concentration of homes not regularly occupied – although that’s not a surprise if you live there. Yan counted 25,502 unoccupied units in Vancouver, which represented 38% of the total homes regularly unoccupied for Metro Vancouver in 2016. Census data does use a different method than the City of Vancouver did, which is why the city’s study “only” found 10,800. The city used utilities to measure usage at the residence, so if the home was being rented out as an AirBnB, or if the house was being used for a month –  it wasn’t counted as unoccupied. It’s a hotly debated issue if this is a problem, but anyway you slice it that’s a lot of homes for a city with such low rental inventory.

Millennials are often told to accept that times are changing, and things are going to get rough. What if people wealthy enough to own a second home were told that times were changing, and the use of an extra home at your leisure should be taxed at a premium rate. Wouldn’t that be weird?

Check out how Toronto looks in Contrast.


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5 Comments

  • Reply
    Kelvin P 8 months ago

    I’d suggest changing the Undefined areas to grey to make the map easier to read – with the current tinting it makes it look as though there might be houses available when they’re not zoned for residences / there are no available residences.

    • Reply
      Better Dwelling 8 months ago

      Thanks for the feedback Kelvin! We’ll definitely remove no value results from color keys in the future.

      Fun fact, some of those districted do have residences. Statistics Canada just doesn’t provide data because people could be more easily identified than usual.

  • Reply
    Krishan 8 months ago

    There should a policy that one family can own one home.

    All land is owned by the Federal Government. The Government reserves the right as to who can own or lease that land. Real estate should not be used to make extra cash, be it for investments, flipping, etc..

  • Reply
    Leah Gold 7 months ago

    I’m a civic leader in a small Northern California town, where our housing stock has been completely gutted by second-home buyers from the Bay Area. New construction doesn’t help, because about 70% of new units are also purchased by these occasional users. I want to try to slow the trend and generate funding for affordable housing construction by levying an extra tax assessment on second homes. I would appreciate any information you can direct me to on this topic.
    Thank you!

  • Reply
    Montreal's housing market is very different from Canada's boom cities - Allsorce.com 4 weeks ago

    […] peg the number of vacant, or occasionally occupied homes in Metro Vancouver at a mind boggling 66,719. An analysis we did last fall showed that 1 in 10 homes being resold had never been lived in, as […]

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