Canadian Employment Fell As Young Adults Bear Most Job Losses While Seniors Gain

Canada’s rate hikes are finally beginning to slow unemployment, but the losses are being carried by young adults. Statistics Canada (Stat Can) data shows the unemployment rate increased in July as job losses came in. Breaking it down, most of the jobs lost are young adults, or people in the education and construction industries. Higher interest rates are finally slowing down the job market, but not for seniors, the only employment demographic to grow in Canada.  

Canada’s Unemployment Rate Rises, But Still Unusually Low

Canadian unemployment fell for a third consecutive month. Seasonally adjusted employment fell by 39,700 jobs in July, bringing the unemployment rate 0.5 points higher to 5.4%. Previous losses had been attributed to a lack of workers. “… this time we can’t pin it on a lack of workers,” said Douglas Porter, chief economist at BMO. 

Most jobs lost were full time, with education representing the bulk of the decline. “The details of the report weren’t great either, with full-time jobs dropping a hefty 77,200, and both goods-producing and service industries falling,” said Porter. 

He emphasizes while the decline isn’t great, the unemployment rate is still at an overheated level. “[the unemployment rate is] still at a level (5.4%) that had been seen only once in the 45 years before the pandemic,” he explained 

Canada’s Young Adults Are Getting Crushed, They Represent Most Losses

Notable is who was losing their job and searching for work — young adults. Most of the jobs lost last month were people between the age of 20 and 24, representing a loss of 31,200 jobs from a month before. The unemployment rate for this group increased to 8.6%, up 1 point, and significantly higher than the average.

Workers from 25 to 54 years old also took a big hit. The cohort lost 25,700 jobs, with unemployment rising 0.6 points to 4.6% in July. At least the unemployment rate for this demographic is still extremely tight. 

Canada’s seniors saw some losses, but were generally winners of the group. Workers aged 55 and older saw employment rise 10,800 jobs, with the unemployment rate rising just 0.3 points to 5%. Not only is the rate still below the average with the smallest growth of any cohort, it’s also still full employment.

Housing Slowdown Starts To Bite, Conditions Are Cooling Fast

Higher interest rates are beginning to slow down employment. Construction jobs fell 28,200 jobs in July, representing the bulk of losses when combined with education. While education might pick up in the September report, construction is more likely to be a little longer. Rates are only expected to climb further from here. 

“While we can readily find some “yes, buts” in this release, there is no debating that conditions are cooling quickly, with the pullback in construction a clear indication that rate hikes are beginning to bite,” said Porter. 

Remember, these are still strong employment numbers, and the market is considered overheated. However, this is an overheated labor market that’s producing more inflation than economic output. Job losses are likely to result in an economic contraction before inflation stabilizes, making it difficult to use rate cuts to soften the blow without seeing even more risk.

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  • Remington 1 week ago

    You’re a complete idiot if you believe any numbers this criminal government gives you. Unemployment is horrendous.

    • cpotato 1 week ago

      Well, this is a democracy. Someone had to vote them in. Not once but 3 times and after some pretty poor behaviour!!

      And I’m willing to bet that it’s the ones who are going to suffer the most that voted strongly in favour of our current government. Keep on voting for fake platitudes instead of competence. You get what you chose.

      I wonder if Canada is enjoying bonkers inflation and crazy house prices from a leader that wants to be forgiven for not focusing on monetary policy but rather how many photobombing ops he can produce?

    • John Vermeer 7 days ago

      There’s a “help wanted” sign on almost every door entering the businesses I frequent every day. I may be a complete idiot, but I can read.

  • Nate 1 week ago

    That statement lacks any specifics, please explain more

  • Ian Hamilton 1 week ago

    Of course employment dropped ……the work place shed thousands of jobs !!

  • Rudy Haugeneder 1 week ago

    Economic dementia. Soon inflation will disappear and deflation, the thing nobody dares talk about, will hit with a savage consumer price drop impact just a few days before x-mas, after most people have already purchased. That means the retail refund lines will be horrendous immediately after, thereby further pushing prices and profits down by a huge margin, including real estate where demand is already cratering. Tsk, tsk. It’s just the business cycle moving on.

  • dan 7 days ago

    didn’t the government create only govt jobs 42,000 in july 2022, this was to skew the real jobs numbers which are in the negative. now the truth comes that they hired 42k gov workers to soften the statistics.

  • Mike Malesevich 7 days ago

    Perhaps increase in ‘youth’ unemployment was due to returning to school?

    • J 6 days ago

      They left to go travel in cost of living sustainable locations and decided to stay as most countries are happy to extend youth working permits. Lets face the facts – aside from a decent six months of summer, the GTA has a horrible cold spell every year. It’s just not worth it anymore when you can get a way higher quality of life in most other locations for a fraction of the cost.

      As it sits, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Hungary all have the same cosmopolitan vibe as Toronto with much more to do at a fraction of the price. A recent date in Toronto for two people total 275 CAD at a good 5 star restaurant. You can have the same experience and add a third wheel in Lisbon for 60 CAD.

      If the US ever chose to annex Canada for it’s water resources – how fast do you think the housing prices will drop? It’s already happening with the mega REITs buying up older buildings and detach houses to rent out for max profits. Turning into another NYC is a good thing for existing land owners, but so bad for the next generations.

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